Last week, the Wellcome Collection announced the winners of its 12th annual image awards, recognizing the “most informative, striking and technically excellent” pictures from the collection’s recent acquisitions.

The winners—capturing everything from the division of cancer cells to the crystalline structure of caffeine—demonstrate how such techniques as microscopy can be used not only to enhance our understanding of chemicals and organisms but to create truly awe-inspiring images.

10 Of The Year’s Most Amazing Science Photos

Science can be beautiful, even when you’re not looking at space. Also, I’m always amazed at the similarities between micro- and macro-photography, from the cellular level to the astronomical.